Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by high sugar (glucose) levels. In non-diabetics, insulin is released from the pancreas and helps keeps sugar levels low. Diabetes is caused when:
– the pancreas does not produce insulin. This is known as Type I diabetes. The exact cause of this is not certain.
– the pancreas produces insulin but the body does not register its presence or the pancreas does not produce enough insulin. This is known as Type II diabetes and is more common. Risk factors for Type II Diabetes include: obesity, age, ethnicity, and more.

Diabetics must be examined more often than those without diabetes. Soni Family Practice recommends a minimum of at least two visits a year, depending on your overall health along with regular visits to a dentist, cardiologist and a complete eye exam every year by an ophthalmologist who routinely works with diabetes and retinal management.

For diabetic patients, screenings are extremely important to catch new conditions early. Once symptoms appear it is often too late to treat the cause because by then the damage is often permanent.

Why are diabetics more at risk?

Diabetes is a condition that damages blood vessels. Damaged blood vessels do not circulate blood properly, preventing oxygen and other nutrients from reaching the entire body effectively. Over time, parts of the body may become damaged from this lack of oxygen and/or nutrients.

Common screening and issues that diabetics are prone to include, but are not limited to: vision, kidney, heart, cholesterol, high blood pressure, foot health (such as sensitivity and ulcers), gum disease and weight gain.

Vision Screenings: Diabetics should have their eye health checked at least once a year by a qualified ophthalmologist who routinely treats diabetics unless your doctor advises otherwise. Patients with diabetes have a higher risk of developing diseases that cause a complete or partial loss of vision. The most common eye health issues in diabetic patients include, but not limited to:

  • Cataracts
  • Glaucoma
  • Diabetic Retinopathy
  • Cornea Damage
  • Macular Degeneration
  • Loss of Blood to the Eye or Nerves.

Kidney Screenings: Diabetics should have their kidney function(s) checked at least once a year, unless your doctor advises otherwise.

Cardio Screenings: Diabetics should have a cardiovascular exam including tests for blood lipids, cholesterol and triglycerides at least once a year unless your doctor advises otherwise.

Cholesterol: Cholesterol levels should be checked at least once a year unless your doctor advises otherwise.

High Blood Pressure: Blood Pressure should be checked at least once a year unless your doctor advises otherwise.

Foot Health: Diabetics should have their feet checked at least once a year for calluses, infections, sores and sensitivity unless your doctor advises otherwise.

Weight Gain: unless your doctor advises otherwise.

 

If you are diabetic, believe you are suffering from any health issues, or have general concerns about your management plan, please schedule your appointment with Soni Family Practice as soon as possible. We would be happy to examine you, discuss your symptoms and, if necessary, suggest a treatment plan.

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